10 Question Security Assessment Process

10 Question Security Assessment Process for CIOs and CSOs

10 Question Security Assessment
Everything that needs to be done in order to improve the security and compliance of the enterprise

10 Question Security Assessment Process is a way for CIOs and CSOs to quickly identify risks that they need to address.

  1. What does the enterprise need to differently today in order to stop a breach tomorrow?
  2. Does the enterprise know if the company has been breached? How does it know?
  3. What assets are protecting, what are they being protected from (i.e., theft, destruction, compromise), and who are they being protected them from (i.e. cybercriminals or insiders)?
  4. What risks does the enterprise face if it is breached (i.e., financial loss, reputation, regulatory fines, loss of competitive advantage)?
  5. Does the enterprise’s IT security implementation match the enterprise’s business-centric security policies?
  6. Are formal written policies, technical controls or both in place? Are they being followed?
  7. What is the enterprise’s security strategy for IoT?
  8. What is the enterprise’s security strategy for BYOD and “anywhere, anytime, any device” mobility?
  9. Does the enterprise have an incident response plan in place?
  10. What is the enterprise’s remediation process? Can the enterprise recover lost data and prevent a similar attack from happening again?

Supports Meaningful Use Compliant Stage Implementation – Meets HIPAA Ransomware Guidelines — Comes in eReader, MS Word, and PDF formats. Includes 24 Electronic Forms that are ready to use and User Bill of Rights for Sensitive Data and Privacy

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Minimize breach response cost

Minimize breach response cost with operational strategy

Minimize breach response cost
Policies and procedures need to defined and be in place in order to minimize breach response cost

While the costs of a data breach can vary widely on a case-by-case basis, CIOs who understand the drivers behind the expense will be better positioned to take steps needed to protect their organization.

Here are 6 way to minimize breach response cost:

  1. Eliminate data you do not need.
    You can potentially dramatically reduce your exposure by destroying records of past customers.  You cannot lose data if you do not save it. In 2015 one company served 69 million customers, yet when they were breached that year, they exposed 78 million records. The extra nine million records most likely come from former customers. Each of these individuals had to be notified and offered credit monitoring, driving up costs.
  • Do not store street address if there is no real business requirement.
    When a breach occurs, companies are typically required to notify affected individual via old-fashioned, handwritten “snail mail.” But they can use alternative methods of notification, such as email or public announcement if they do not have a valid mailing address. Physical, written notifications can cost up to $2 per person, and the cost quickly adds up. It may be worth asking twice what the business need for those customer addresses is and considering not capturing these addresses to reduce the exposure to notification requirements.
  • Utilize logs to prove proof a breach or data loss did not occur.
    One industry study shows that in 44% of incidents, public notification is not required. To avoid notification, companies must prove that, even if they were attacked, no records were improperly accessed. To do so, they use systems logs. Without logs, a company may be forced to assume a breach occurred because it cannot prove otherwise.
  • Follow PCI rules and protect credit card data.
    For breaches that involve credit card data, reimbursing card companies for fraudulent transactions can amount to a staggering cost, from $3-$30 or more per card. New chip cards are designed to reduce fraud, and early data show they are having the intended effect – MasterCard reported a 54% reduction in counterfeit card fraud costs at retailers who have switched to chip cards.
  • Use experts who know the breach response landscape.
    Your breach response effort is not a good time to reinvent the wheel. Missteps happen fast and have serious consequences. Credit monitoring alone can cost $5 to $30 per person. Data breach specialists, such as PR consultants or data privacy lawyers, often have seen as many as hundreds of data breaches and are highly practiced at helping you craft a genuine story that keeps confusion – and costs – down.
  • Be prepared for additional audits and compliance reviews.
    In the wake of a breach, a company may be audited and investigated by a number of regulatory agencies. While it’s not guaranteed to occur, it is likely, and there are simple steps you can take to prevent sensational fines if it does. To start, CIOs and  CFOs should be strong advocates for the implementation of the security controls recommended by external auditors or by regulators themselves.

Security Architect

Security Architect is a Hot New Job

Security Architect job description
Security Architect is just one of over 280 full job descriptions that are delivered electronically

Security Architect – The one position that CIOs and C-Level executives are looking to fill.  With all of the recent cyber-attacks and negative publicity they have generated there is a need for this proactive position.

Most of the other positions are focused on “after the fact” monitoring.  This one looks at what could happen and creates an architecture which address potential cyber-attacks and hacks.  The individuals operate on a philosophy that is easier to prevent something from happening versus trying to address problems after they occur.

Position Purpose

The individual in this position  assumes responsibility for data security including the planning, design and implementation of security measures which safeguard access to enterprise terminal files and data elements.  The administrator provides rapid response to user community’s request for security assistance.

They  secure enterprise information by determining security requirements; planning, implementing, and testing security systems; preparing security standards, policies, and procedures; mentoring team members.

The full job description for this position has just been released.

Security Architect read on…

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Tenure of Telecom pros exceeds that of CIOs

Tenure of Telecom pros exceeds that of CIOs by 18 months

Tenure of Telecom pros – In the process of preparing for our mid-year IT salary survey, we have started to review the impact of the baby boomers who are now starting to to retire in droves.   The issue that CIOs and CSOs face is wither they have the resources in place to fill those positions as these professionals retire.

Employee Tenure
Telecom professionals have a median tenure of six years. That is 18 months longer than for CIOs.

Added to this is the fact that over the last several quarters the total number of job in the telecom field has shrunk significantly. This has also dampened the number of new entrants into that job market.

Preliminary data that we have seen shows that telecom salaries are not keeping up with the rest of the IT industry.

CIOs and CSOs are going to have to address succession planning for not only the telecom pros retiring, but also for the rest of the baby boomers that they have on their staffs.

Common Security Concerns

Common Security Concerns that CSOs and CIOs have

Security Manual Template - Common Security Concersn
CIOs and CSOs often are tasked to address user and C-Level management’s common security concerns. The Security Manual Template and its associated items address each of these in detail.

When the CIOs and CSOs discuss common security concerns these five topics always seem to appear:

  1. Surfing the web anonymously is a thing of the past – As online tracking systems become more sophisticated and harder to shake, the likelihood of private, anonymous browsing is becoming a long-ago memory. Take into account the latest ISP changes, where the U.S. government allows providers to not only track, but sell your browsing history without your consent. These changes in “net neutrality rules” require users to be more vigilant about their own browsing patterns. You can guard your activity by logging out of search engines before browsing, clearing your cache and search history, and switching to a private browser to minimize the various ways your browsing history is catalogued.Order Security Policies and ProceduresDownload TOC security policies
  2. Anyone gain access your webcam – Hackers can and do target cameras by disabling the light that notifies of access, and keeping tabs in order to commit some sort of crime. Many users have responded by putting dark tape or coverings over their computer’s webcam. But as more smart devices are created and purchased, the surface area for webcam hacking only expands. Think, for example, of all the places you take your smartphone, with its built-in camera almost always pointing in your direction. The malware used to hack webcams, known as RAT (remote access Trojan), is often spread through spam email. Once clicked, the software is capable of disabling your light so you’re never made aware of anyone watching.
  3. How to protect against identity theft – Be wary of sites asking for personal information to complete a basic task, such as subscribing to a newsletter. When submitting personal information, such as your address or payment method, check for https versus http and never submit this information to a party you’re not familiar with or for a request you don’t remember making.Protecting your identity, at its core, always comes back around to common sense behavior online. Understand risks, practice careful consuming, and taking precaution to diversify passwords and watch out for phishing schemes.
  4. Free antivirus software is not free – You get what you pay for in the area of antivirus and malware protection. If it is free a lot of people use it and when there is a security hole – hackers will attack.  That is opposed to paid programs were vendors constantly update the software to address new issues as the occur.
  5. Are tablets, Smartphones and Macs safe without antivirus software? – Though the Android and Mac OS X boast of operating systems that claims they are tough to breach, they still contains weak access points. Just like any tool that surfs the web or connects to wireless routers, security is needed to scan all those items you click. (Recent research suggests Macs are now more vulnerable than PCs.)While these devices have often carried around the title of most-secure operating system, it doesn’t hurt to back up your devices with the latest antivirus security protection.

IT Related Fraud issues addressed by Janco

 IT related fraud occurred in over 70% companies

Malware exposure is high in many enterprises

IT related fraud and alware infections cause a number of problems. Machines become unresponsive or sluggish resulting in users become frustrated and administrators spending precious time trying to find the problem.

Once an attacker is on the inside, his or her work is significantly easier since on most networks, systems on the inside are trusted.   To that end, in a review of over 300 security audits Janco has found a list of the greatest security weaknesses.

Enterprise Wde Security Weaknesses

The weaknesses are:

  • Using only single level verification for access to sensitive data
  • Having “public” workstations or access point is connected to a secure network
  • Sharing login credentials
  • Data validation for forms is contained in client-side JavaScript
  • Connect to network from an unsecure access point
  • Corporate web site is encrypted but the login process is not
  • Using weak encryption for back end management
  • Using unencrypted or weak encryption for Web site or Web server  management

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10 point DR power checklist

10 point DR power checklist defined in Janco DR/BC Template

10 point DR power checklist — After an event that disrupts a network, availability of power to recover and run the network often is critical.  Below is a 10 item check list of what to consider in your disaster recovery – business continuity plan.

  1. Electricity, water, broken wires do not mix.  Before anything else validate that the power source and power distribution systems are dry and functional before power is turned on.
  2. Understand the minimum power requirements to be operational.   Have a clear understanding of a facility’s critical loads.
  3. Have an adequate fuel supply to operate backup power sources. Make smart fuel and technology choices, considering things such as if natural gas pipeline service were to be disrupted in your community. Make sure that you have sufficient fuel storage capacity onsite for an extended outage.
  4. Set reasonable response times for standby generator.  Frequent outages of a few seconds, a few minutes, or more, can have significant cost implications for businesses. While some other generators take up to two minutes to engage, diesel-powered generators are uniquely able to provide full load power within 10 seconds of a grid outage.
  5. Maintain your equipment and test it operations. Standby generators should be exercised periodically to ensure they will operate as designed in the event of an outage.
  6. Understand your environment and geography.  Even the best generators won’t work underwater when subjected to extreme flooding.  Check unit location for protection from flooding and ensure you use the proper gauge extension cord.
  7. Set up generators in an “open environment”. Use generators or other gasoline or charcoal-burning devices such as heaters in an open area or outside near an open window. Carbon monoxide fumes can build up and poison people.
  8. Quarterly review your load.  Know when there are any new demands or critical circuits to protect.  If you’ve added new computers or other power-hungry devices, consider updating switchgear.
  9. Meet all mandated compliance requirements. Make sure you have the proper permits and records on operations.
  10. Optionally contract for a rental power source.  Consider a rental generator power for use in the event of an extended outage.

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Top 10 WYOD Best Practices

Top 10 WYOD Best Practices expand beyond BYOD

Tio 10 WYOD Best Practices - Policy
WYOD Policy that address all of the issues generated by this technology.

Top 10 WYOD Best Practices – Employees bringing their own smartphones into the workplace started the BYOD trend requiring enterprises to deal with the serious security implications that come from these devices. The decision for employees to wear their own device (WYOD), such as an apple watch that can link to your Wi-Fi; capture audio, video and data; store; and transmit poses similar problems for IT departments.  Employees and individuals outside of the enterprise can use these devices, sometimes discretely, to access and share business content.

This puts corporate data and infrastructure at risk, and reinforces the need for IT managers to focus on securing the content, rather than the device that’s in use. Wearable devices simply add another level of access and security concern to what we’ve already seen with the BYOD trend.

Here are top 10 best practices for WYOD:

  1. Have a strategy for how, when and why WYOD devices can be used
  2. Implement an acceptable use policy
  3. Identify the connectivity options that are available to both internal and external users
  4. Approved devices should be easily connected to the available secure access points
  5. Define a management process for the WYOD devices
  6. Plan for the activity WYOD devices will add to the network
  7. Make collaboration tools a priority
  8. Secure the end points and isolate sensitive/confidential information and locations
  9. Be prepared for little to no advance notice on upgrades
  10. Formalize your 7 x 24 support

For more information on this go to WYOD Policy.

Top 10 tips improve social networking security

Top 10 tips and best practices to improve social networking security

Top 10 tips improve social networking security – These best practices will improve social networking security and protect the enterprise’s social networking reputation.

  1. Educate employees – Educating employees of best practices can help improve the overall security of the business. Awareness through seminars, workshops, and other programs help educate how attackers use social media to target a brand via individual employees.
  2. Have employees use different passwords for different system – Encourage users to have multiple unique passwords. This can be support by implementing a cloud based password management system.
  3. Mandate strong passwords – Make it a requirement to have unique strong passwords.
  4. Have employees change passwords regularly – One every three or four months communicate with employees to tell them it is time to change their passwords.
  5. Do not share accounts – For social accounts that represent the enterprise only have one user per each and the linking e-mail account should be one that is in the enterprise domain and will remain with the enterprise in case the employee leaves or is terminated
  6. Implement two factor authentication – Many of the larger social networks provide two-factor authentication, commonly in the form of a code sent to their smartphone or email each time a new device or browser attempts to login to the account.
  7. Educate employees to NOT open email attachments or go to links where the originator is not known – Stress the practices of carefully reviewing URL links before clicking to make sure the company and site name are spelled correctly. Cybercriminals will often blast out links that are very similar to a real address adding, subtracting or rewording parts to differentiate them.
  8. Utilize antivirus and security software – . No matter how careful a user is, there’s always the risk of accidentally engaging with a malicious link – and just one unfortunate click can lead to months of recovery time.
  9. Don’t friend people you do not know – Companies should encourage employees to thoroughly vet a friend request before hitting “accept”. They should check to see if other colleagues are also connected to the account. If the account seems suspicious or you don’t know the individual, ignore or report the user, and refrain from clicking on any links they may have sent.
  10. Validate and verify – just because it is on the Internet does not make it true.

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Walmart denies hack occurred

14,600 emails addresses and passwords posted – Walmart denies hack occurred

Walmart denies hack occurred
Incident Communication Plan

Walmart denies hack occurred after email address and passwords were posted.   – Over 14,600 email addresses and plain-text passwords associated with Sam’s Club’s online store were dumped on Pastebin, a text sharing site. Walmart denied a hack occurred.

The title of the password dump said that the accounts listed belonged to the retail giant. The company which has over 650 locations across the US and tens of millions of members.

Walmart said “.. looked into this issue and there is no indication of a breach of our systems. It is most likely a result of one of the past breaches of other companies’ systems. Because customers often use the same usernames and passwords on various sites, bad actors will typically test the credentials they obtain across many popular sites. Unfortunately, this is an industry-wide issue,” said a Walmart spokesperson.

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That is no way to inspire confidence in the security of an enterprise’s website.

To survive an incident such as a business interruption, security breach, or a product recall, organizations need more than a successful communication strategy – they need an incident communication plan.

The overall objectives of a incident communications plan should be established at the outset. The objectives should be agreed upon, well understood, and publicized. For example, will the primary objective of the communications plan be for communications only to employees, and only during a disaster? Or is the intent to advise customers of interruptions to service? Or is it for investors and stockholders? Or regulatory agencies? Or is it some combination of these?

New York Security Compliance

New York Security Compliance Mandates added

New York Security Compliance – The State of New York announced a series of new rules strengthening cybersecurity requirements for financial firms. This is the latest in a series of announcement aimed at protecting clients, consumers and financial entities from the “ever-growing threat of cyber-attacks.

New York Security ComplianceThe Governor of New York said, “New York, the financial capital of the world, is leading the nation in taking decisive action to protect consumers and our financial system from … state-sponsored organizations, global terrorist networks, and other criminal enterprises.” Even if your firm isn’t directly subject to these new regulations, it’s safe to assume that this approach will be rapidly adopted by similar regulatory bodies domestically and around the world.

The current draft calls for the “encryption of all nonpublic information held or transmitted”, but because they tie it tightly to access control, acceptable usage policy, and data retention. Simple encryption won’t be enough to comply with the New York mandates.

To comply with New York Security Compliance mandates CFOs, CIOs, and CSOs, and firms should:

  • Implement more dynamic ways to protect data. Enterprises will need to deploy more dynamic forms of data protection that extend beyond their current systems. When the requirement for encryption and data-loss protection spans not just records and managed systems, but anywhere data can travel, traditional means of encryption and monitoring are scale able. Organizations will need to enforce granular limitations on access privileges, implement new audit systems to document data governance, and be able to remotely apply data disposition and destruction rules.
  • Tie access control and privilege management to identity. In a complex technology ecosystem, it’s no longer feasible to define access and privilege at the system, device, or perimeter. Identity is the one attribute that crosses on-premises, cloud, and un-managed services, and provides a consistent way to set, audit, and control access to confidential information. Ultimately, encryption, access controls, and data-in-use protections must persist independent of the kinds of data protected, where it’s stored, or how it’s shared.
  • Prioritize solutions to balance simplicity and security. Too often, risk and security teams have simply added new solutions to their portfolio in response to regulations and enforcement. Unfortunately, this has often created a complex, hard-to-navigate forest of tools, hurdles, and collaboration dead-ends for employees. The downside of that is it creates incentives for otherwise well-intentioned people to avoid following policy, increasing the risk of a material breach.
  • Make audit a primary concern. In the past, the requirement for an audit trail on data access was seen as an add-on. In the worst case, it was an afterthought, something built last as a reaction to risk and compliance needs. But, by thinking differently about this rich trove of data, you can improve your visibility into data use and your ability to identify dangerous behavior in advance. In many cases, you will be able to proactively stop data loss before it happens. With a strategy that protects data directly, by deploying identity-driven access controls and dynamic permissions, you can use the data from each user interaction to build a better picture of where data is traveling, and to whom.
  • Take a more dynamic approach to data protection. Adhere to mandates and be ready to tell any auditor about your enterprises ability to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of your enterprise’s information.

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10 Point Checklist DR Power Requirements

10 Point Checklist DR Power Requirements

10 point checklist DR power requirements in Janco’s Disaster Recovery Business Continuity template.  The checklist addresses the issues associated with power after an event disrupts availability. It is:

  1. Electricity, water, broken wires do not mix.  Before anything else, validate that the power source and power distribution systems are dry and functional before power is turned on.10 Point Checklist DR Power Requirements
  2. Understand the minimum power requirements to be operational.   Have a clear understanding of a facility’s critical loads.
  3. Have an adequate fuel supply to operate backup power sources. Make smart fuel and technology choices, considering things such as if natural gas pipeline service were to be disrupted in your community. Make sure that you have sufficient fuel storage capacity on-site for an extended outage.
  4. Set reasonable response times for standby generator.  Frequent outages of a few seconds, a few minutes, or more, can have significant cost implications for businesses. While some other generators take up to two minutes to engage, diesel-powered generators are uniquely able to provide full load power within 10 seconds of a grid outage.
  5. Maintain your equipment and test it operations. Standby generators should be exercised periodically to ensure they will operate as designed in the event of an outage.
  6. Understand your environment and geography.  Even the best generators won’t work underwater when subjected to extreme flooding.  Check unit location for protection from flooding and ensure you use the proper gauge extension cord.
  7. Set up generators in an “open environment”. Use generators or other gasoline or charcoal-burning devices such as heaters in an open area or outside near an open window. Carbon monoxide fumes can build up and poison people.
  8. Quarterly review your load.  Know when there are any new demands or critical circuits to protect.  If you’ve added new computers or other power-hungry devices, consider updating switchgear.
  9. Meet all mandated compliance requirements. Make sure you have the proper permits and records on operations.
  10. Optionally contract for a rental power source.  Consider a rental generator power for use in the event of an extended outage.
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10 step security

10 step security for third party access to enterprise systems

10 Setps for security in cloud Security plan10 step security for 3rd party access to enterprise systems are a must with the increased use of internet processing and use by day to day business operations.

Security and compliance are key to maintaining control of sensitive and confidential information. All of the product offerings of Janco are geared towards proving tools to help C-Level executives and top IT professionals maintain the privacy of its users and enterprise data.

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  1. Create an asset inventory and tracking to reduce the risk of network-connected assets being out of compliance with policy.
  2. Understand the cloud-based environment where all users are considered remote, and apply controls similar to how they have historically provided access to third parties.
  3. Make changes in how the organization manages and controls these various user-types by incorporating concepts such as zero-trust, network abstraction, extended identity validation and full-session recording to effectively reduce the overall risk and isolate any potential impact caused by third parties or remote user actions.
  4. Define a plan which meets the requirements for external contractors, employees, and B2B entities.
  5. Coordinate third party access plan in conjunction with their business units and develop a solid communications plan.
  6. Create rules for access using the appropriate level of controls commensurate with their given risk profiles, to include: isolation/segmentation, encryption, and federation integrations.
  7. Establish access points and rules for data availability to third parties
  8. Invest in ways to authenticate third-party users beyond simple username and password.
  9. Define metrics which address compliance variances and risks, and build an end-to-end security and risk view for the entire enterprise.
  10. Create a reporting system which track access, access violations, downloads and total usage. This should be real-time and have assigned individuals monitor and report and deviations.

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Top 10 Wearable Issues

Top 10 Wearable Issues

Top 10 Wearable Issues – Over 33% of all organizations surveyed by Janco have revealed they have more than 5,000 connected devices. Add to that, Cisco predicts there will be more than 600 million wearable devices in use by 2020.

These facts present a set of challenges for CIOs and IT enterprises of all sizes.

  1. Easy physical access to Data
  2. Records management, retention, and destruction
  3. Business continuity is significantly more complex
  4. Photos, Videos and Audio can be captured without anyone knowing it
  5. Instant access to outside Wi-Fi and cellular systems facilitates rapid dissemination
  6. Insecure wireless connectivity
  7. Lack of encryption
  8. Lack of formal policies with limited regulation or compliance –
  9. Software and Firmware version control
  10. Current MDM Policies Don’t Cover Wearables

Read On…

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Top 10 Security Predictions

Top 10 Security Predictions

Top 10 Security Predictions – Many organizations fail to realize the benefits of security information management due to the often exhaustive financial and human resource costs of implementing and maintaining the software. However, Janco’s’ Security Manual Template – the industry standard – provides the infrastructure tools to manage security, make smarter security decisions and respond faster to security incidents and compliance requests within days of implementation.

Top 10 Security Predictions from Janco Associates are:

  1. Over the next several years almost all of vulnerabilities exploited by hackers will continue to be ones known by security and IT professionals for at least one year.

    Top 10 Security Predictions
    Top 10 Security Predictions
  2. Robotics will take over many security operations. China will lead the way with 30-40K students training in universities with this technology. US will lag for several years.
  3. Shadow IT will be responsible for over one third of attacks experienced by enterprises.
  4. The need to prevent data breaches from public clouds will drive many organizations to develop data security governance programs.
  5. Over the long term enterprises engaged in application development will secure applications by adopting application security self-testing, self-diagnosing and self-protection technologies.
  6. Future cloud-based providers will include network firewall, secure web gateway (SWG) and web application firewall (WAF) platforms in their offerings.
  7. Identity as a service (IDaaS) implementations the focus of several new companies.
  8. Use of passwords and tokens in will drop 55%, due to the introduction of bio-metrics.
  9. A majority of IoT device manufacturers will not be able to address threats from weak authentication practices.
  10. More than 25% of identified enterprise attacks will involve IoT.

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